1. Nutrition Response, Recovery & Post-Recovery Program (May-Sep 2015, Feb 2016-Mar 2017 & Apr-Dec 2017) :
As the consequence of the devastating earthquake and highly affected in Ramechhap district, there is high chance of children getting unattended, uncared without food and neglected. With this, the possibility of more children becoming malnourished.
Therefore, UNICEF-Nepal initiated emergency nutrition response program in Ramechhap from May-Sep 2015. The purpose of the nutrition response program was to address major causes of nutritional deterioration and death of children and protecting nutritional status of pregnant mother. This program has covered in the entire district, A total of 15 Out-Patient Therapeutic (OTP) centers were established to provide nutritional support to child and women.
Despite the short period of time, the nutrition response program has improved the nutrition status of children under the age 6-59 months, pregnant women & lactating women. The nutrition response phase was ended on September 2015 and nutrition recovery phase was initiated to address the nutrition issues of children and pregnant and lactating women from Feb 2016 to March 2017. As the final stage, TSS has been now implementing post-disaster (earthquake) nutrition recovery program from April 2017 to the of December 2017. During this phase, the nutrition program will be formally handed over to the District Health Office, Ramechhap.
TSS has been implementing all phases of the nutrition program as the partner organization of UNICEF with the lead role by District Health Office, Ramechhap.
The objective of the nutrition recovery action is to protect lives and livelihood of Children, Pregnant and Lactating Women (PLW) through timely and effective humanitarian response/recovery to nutritional needs to minimize mortality and morbidity of the population and improve malnutrition among children under five, lactating and pregnant women. Under the nutrition recovery program, a total 10 Out-patient Therapeutic Center (OTC) have been established where 10 Nutrition Officers from TSS are deputed in these 10 OTC sites to implement the program and support government health facilities. Each Nutrition Officer based in OTC site is further responsible in monitoring & supervision of the expected program outputs in its catchment 5-7 health centers.
2. Drinking Water & Sanitation Program (March 2016-March 2020) :
TSS has implemented a four years project related to Drinking Water & Sanitation since March 2016 ending until March 2020. This project is officially funded by World Neighbors Canada Society, B.C., Canada and Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade & Development (DFATD), an agency of the government of Canada. Many other Canadian individual supporters and organizations (Rotary Club of Aldergrove, Rotary Club of Kamloops & Rotary Club of Oliver) are also involved in this project's internal fund generation.
The overall objective of this program is to improve the health of mothers and young children and thus contribute to reducing maternal and child mortality, through assistance with village and households scale infrastructures mainly gravity-fed drinking water systems and household toilet construction. It is expected to support communities to construct 21 small gravity-fed drinking water system that will benefit to about 525 households by the end of four years. In addition, a total of 4,200 families will be supported for the construction of water-sealed toilets at their houses by the end of the project period.
The Government of Nepal has prepared a Sanitation & Hygiene Master Plan 2011. The goal of the Master Plan is to attain universal access to improved sanitation by 2017 for better hygiene, health and environment. For the last 12 years, TSS has been working in toilet promotion program and already helped about 20,000 households before the devastating earthquake. In Ramechhap, about 30% household still don't have toilet facilities at homes. The on-going project aims to cover 4,200 households for sanitation by 2020. However, TSS is planning to support the master plan and contribute in achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) situation by 2017.
3. Conflict Resolution & Peace Building Promotion Program (Sep 2015-Jan 2018) :
Peace and stability in Nepal remain fragile and it is further aggravated in Ramechhap after the devastating earthquake. The community mediation helps to settle local dispute and maintain peace in the community. With funding from The Asia Foundation, TSS has implemented the community mediation program for conflict resolution & peace building since September 2015 for one year which was ended on October 2016. As per the effectiveness of the program, the program has further extended upto the end of July 2017.
The community mediation program has covered entire Ramechhap district with 2 municipalities and 45 VDCs, as per the previous local level structure. With the help of Community Mediation Society-Nepal, 296 local people have been developed as community mediators through 8-day basic community mediation training and 4-day advanced community mediation training. The program will further develop 155 new community mediators and provide same level of basic & advanced community mediation training.
This program is being implemented under the previous local level structure at 47 locations (45 VDCs and two municipalities). In each municipality and VDC, a team of 6 trained mediators have been formed led by a Coordinator. The community mediation center has been established in each municipality and VDC. Our trained community mediators are playing the role of neutral facilitator in resolving community disputes that are not related to criminal justice.